First record of naturalization of Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. (Goodeniaceae) in southeastern Mexico

  • Gonzalo Castillo-Campos,*, José G. García-Franco and M. Luisa Martínez
  • BioInvasions Records (2021) Volume 10, Issue 2: 425–435

Resumen

Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. is native of Asia and eastern Africa but has been
introduced into the Americas as an ornamental urban plant. This paper reports, for
the first time, the presence of Scaevola taccada in natural environments from
southeastern Mexico. Several populations of S. taccada were identified during a
botanical survey of the coastal dunes of the Cozumel Island Biosphere Reserve
(State of Quintana Roo, Mexico) aimed at recording the most common plant
species. Scaevola taccada is considered as an invasive species of coastal areas in
this region. Evidence of its invasiveness is suggested by the fact that populations
consisting of individuals of different size classes are found distributed throughout
the island. Furthermore, they appear to belong to different generations since we
found individuals of different sizes and with and without flowers and fruits. Our
observations suggest that the population of Scaevola taccada can be in a process of
expansion. Further studies are necessary to understand the potential effect on the
native flora.

Categorías: Artículos